Iran Document & Analysis: The Iranian Version of the Nuclear Framework — Does It Show a Rift with the US?

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Amid chatter that the US and Iranian sides have fundamentally different views of last Thursday’s “parameters” for a comprehensive nuclear agreement, Harvard’s Belfer Center has published a translation of the Iranian fact sheet on the framework (see below).

The US fact sheet circulated soon after the announcement of the parameters on Thursday night.

See Iran Daily: Zarif Appeals to Iranians — “Please Give Us 3 Months to Negotiate Nuclear Deal”
Iran Feature: Key Points of the Nuclear Framework

Comparing the two versions — along with more details about the negotiations, including a Saturday article in the New York Times — extends our analysis of the progress in the nuclear talks, and the task before the June 30 deadline for a comprehensive agreement between Iran and the 5+1 Powers.

It was undoubtedly agreed on Thursday between the American and Iranian delegations that each side would put out its summary of the framework. The American English-language version got far more attention in international media than the Iranian version, which was only disseminated in Farsi.

There is one point of substantive difference in the two texts — the US has a 15-year limit on enrichment to 3.67%; the Iranians have 10. Otherwise, the differences are what the Iranians do not choose to mention, but do not contradict.

1. The Iranians say sanctions will be lifted “after the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action”. The US defines this as IAEA verification of Iranian compliance.

2. The Iranians say they will continue R&D of advanced centrifuges. They do not mention that IR-2s will be put in storage, and that the R&D is for activities not connected with centrifuges (although this is implied in the Iranian section on Fordoo).

3. The Iranians refer to “predetermined mechanisms of response” if either side violates an agreement. The US defines this as “snap-back” re-imposition of sanctions if Iran is found to be in non-compliance.

In addition, Iran uses the word “temporary” for its adherence to the Additional Protocol of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Putting the two versions together, there are points which are still to be defined in the talks over the implementation of the agreement, but the “parameters” — the official term used by the two sides — have indeed been set. The chatter by both US and Iranian critics that these are fundamental differences is more of an attempt to unsettle the discussions, rather than “proof” of a breakdown in the process.


THE IRANIAN FACT SHEET

*Bolded text is from original document*

What solutions did Iran and the P5+1 reach?

Arak heavy-water reactor remains; conversion of Fordow to an advanced nuclear and physics research center; all of the sanctions will be immediately removed after reaching a comprehensive agreement

According to the reached solutions, after the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action, all of the UN resolutions will be revoked and all of the multilateral economic and financial sanctions by the EU and the unilateral ones by the US will be annulled.

According to the reports from Farsnews correspondent in Lausanne, Iran and 6 countries reached a package of solutions for a Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action after 9 days of negotiations.

The Islamic Republic of Iran and the countries in the P5+1, including China, Russia, France, the United States, England, and Germany, in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, reached a package of solutions necessary to attain a Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action according to the framework of the elements contained within the 24 November 2013 Joint Plan of Action and following a long process of complex and extensive negotiations with technical, legal, and political dimensions. The package containing these solutions does not have legal binding and will only provide a conceptual guide for calibrating and assessing a Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action. On these grounds, the drafting of a Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action based on these solutions will begin in the near future.

The Continuation of the Nuclear Program including Enrichment

According to the framework of existing solutions, none of the nuclear facilities or related activities will be stopped, shut down, or suspended, and Iran’s nuclear activities in all of its facilities including Natanz, Fordow, Isfahan, and Arak will continue.

These comprehensive solutions will guarantee the continuation of the enrichment program inside the country, and, based on this, the Islamic Republic of Iran will have the ability to continue its industrial production of nuclear fuel for providing the fuel for its nuclear reactors in accordance with the Comprehensive Plan for Joint Action.

According to the reached solutions, the timeframe of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action regarding Iran’s enrichment program will be 10 years. During this period, more than 5,000 centrifuge machines will continue producing enriched material at the 3.67 percent level at Natanz. Additional machines to this number and related infrastructure will be used to replace machines that have been damages during this time and will be collected and stored under the supervision of the IAEA. Also, Iran will be able to use the existing enriched stockpile for producing a nuclear fuel center and/or its export to international markets in exchange for uranium.

According to the reached solutions, Iran will continue its research and development on advanced machines and will continue the initiation and completion phases of the research and development process of IR-4, IR-5, IR-6, and IR-8 centrifuges during the 10 year period of the Comprehensive Plan for Joint Action.

Fordow Facilities

According to the reached solutions, the Fordow nuclear facilities will be converted to an advanced nuclear and physics research center. More than 1,000 centrifuge machines and all related infrastructure in Fordow will be preserved and maintained, out of which two centrifuge cascades will be in operation. In addition, in cooperation with some of the countries of the P5+1, half of the Fordow facilities will be dedicated to advanced nuclear research and the production of stable isotopes that have important applications in industry, agriculture, and medicine.

Arak Heavy Water Research Reactor

In accordance with the existing solutions, the Arak heavy water research reactor will remain and will be enhanced and updated with re-modifications. In the redesigning of the reactor, in addition to decreasing the amount of plutonium production, the efficiency of the Arak reactor will be increased significantly. The re-modification of the Arak reactor will be undertaken in a designated timeframe and will be initiated in the form of a joint international project under the management of Iran, after which the construction will begin immediately in the framework of a comprehensive timeframe. The production of fuel for the Arak reactor and the granting of an international nuclear fuel license are among the issues that will be undertaken with international cooperation. On the other hand, the factory for the production of heavy water will continue to function as it has in the past.

Additional Protocol

Iran will implement the Additional Protocol on a voluntary and temporary basis for the sake of transparency and confidence building, and, in continuation, the approval process of the Protocol will be ratified within a specified timeframe under the mandate of the President and the Islamic Consultative Assembly.

Removal of Sanctions

According to the reached solutions, after the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action, all of the UN Security Council resolutions will be revoked, and all of the multilateral economic and financial sanctions of the EU and the unilateral ones of the US including financial, banking, insurance, investment, and all related services, including oil, gas, petrochemicals, and automobile industries will be immediately revoked. In addition, nuclear-related sanctions against real and legal individuals, entities, and public and private institutions, including the Central Bank, other financial and banking institutions, SWIFT, shipping and aviation industries of the Islamic Republic of Iran, oil tanker companies, will be immediately removed. Also, the P5+1 member countries are committed to restraining from imposing new nuclear-related sanctions.

International Cooperation

International nuclear cooperation with the Islamic Republic of Iran, including with members of the P5+1, will be possible and enhanced in the fields of constructing nuclear power plants, research reactors, nuclear fusion, stable isotopes, nuclear safety, nuclear medicine and agriculture, etc… According to the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action, Iran will also be provided access to the global market and the international trade, finance, technical knowledge and energy sectors.

Schedule for implementing Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action

At the end of this stage of negotiations, the drafting of the Comprehensive Joint Plan of Action will begin in the near future until the timeframe of 10 Tir (July 1). With the finalization of the text, the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action will be adopted as a resolution by the UN Security Council. For the Comprehensive Joint Plan of Action to be binding and executable for all UN member states, this resolution will be approved under Article 41 of Chapter Seven of the UN Charter like the previous resolutions against Iran so that these previous resolutions can be annulled.

The parties to the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action will need a timeframe for preparatory work for the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action once the resolution is approved by the Security Council. After the preparatory phase, and at the same time as the start of Iran’s nuclear-related implementation work, all of the sanctions will be automatically annulled on a single specified day.

In the framework of the reached solutions, violations from the mutually agreed accords contained in the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action by any one country will have predetermined mechanisms of response.

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26 COMMENTS

  1. FACT SHEET GATE escalates

    Iran Rejects US Claims on ‘Suspension’ of Sanctions after Final Nuclear Deal
    http://www.tasnimnews.com/english/Home/Single/700521

    ” The fact sheet published in the official website of the US Department of State about “a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) regarding Iran’s nuclear program”, is not credible.”

    https://twitter.com/abasinfo/status/584083100554133504

    “Fact Sheets are of no credit. People should trust on our own FM comments.”

  2. People are still not seeing beyond the smokes wnd are hung is details and who won and who lost or who gavr up the most.

    At the end of the day Iran was nowhere near a nuclear bomb and the US was nowhere near bombing it nor is the economy all that much worse than its been during some other parts when these thieves were in charge.

    This is a significant change of policy on both sides and looks like the first step towards a new marriage. Thats what is scaring countries like Israel and the Persian Gulf states.

    The details and the manouvering around the agreement is just the bullshit needed to be able to sell the agreement to their people and the world.

    The whole nuclear agreement is just a footnote when looking at the total picture and its that total picture that has the Arabs and Israelis shit scared.

    Everybody including Bibi knows Iran is nowhere near creating a bomb or even has the technology and the know how to build one.

    • “””At the end of the day Iran was nowhere near a nuclear bomb…………………………………..””””

      Lol – why then Iran negotiated for 12 years and paid a heavy price with bitter sanctions bringing Iran to the brink of economic collapse? The truth is Iran need the A – bomb for the enforcement of its hegemonic interests.This interests Iran hasn`t abandoned.

      The only difference to before is the production of an A bomb can not go unnoticed.

      • Obviously when u say this it is a whole lot more trustworthy than the Israelie secret service, UN, CIA, all experts, all evidence and pure logic. Thank you for clearing this for the world. Loooool

        • Okay, obviously reactions everywhere in the world are unambiguously – you didn`t noticed?
          It’s no longer the question whether Iran can produce nuclear bombs – the question is only the matter of time.

          The negotiated framework are reflecting exactly this matter of facts. – you did not even notice?
          Poor boy.

          • Yes if you do selective reading and Bibi’s roadrunner cartoon like charts are your sources you are right. However when you get back to the real world and actually read the opnions of people who actually have the information to say something about it (such Bibi’s own secret service, the CIA, UN etc etc or just use common sense) they all indicate that Iran is nowhere near an atomic bomb. Even if they wanted to they are more than a decade away from it.

            Even if they have one its a useless thing. The only country to use an a-bomb is the US because they were the only one who had it. When the other party has it as well it becomes useless.

            But again proof, logic and reason are also useless when peole wang to read only what They wanna read and ignore all major sources of information such as their own secret service looool

            Enjoy your visit in lala land and when u had enough come back to the real worls. Its nice down here.

            • 1… In 1987, Iran wanted to purchase a fuel-cycle technology from Pakistan, but it was rebuffed. The pakistan president Zia decided that the civil nuclear co-operation with Iran was purely a “civil matter” and part of maintaining good relations with Tehran;
              Zia did not further approve any nuclear deals, but Khan passed over a sensitive report on centrifuges in 1987–89.

              It was only in 2003 that the nature of such agreements were made public when the Iranian government came under intense pressure from western countries to fully disclose its nuclear program. Accepting the tough inspections, it revealed that Iran had established a large enrichment facility using centrifuge based on the Urenco, which had been obtained “from a foreign intermediary in 1989.”

              The Iranians turned over the names of their suppliers and the international inspectors quickly identified the Iranian gas centrifuges as Pak-1’s–the gas centrifuges invented by Khan during the atomic bomb project. In 2003, the IAEA successfully dismantled Libya’s nuclear programm after persuading Libya to roll back its program. Libya turned over the names of its supplieres which also included Khan. The same year, Bush launched its investigation on Khan’s leak in 2001 and 2002, focusing on Khan’s personal role.
              The Libyan goverment was saying that “Libya had bought nuclear components from various black market dealers, including Pakistan’s”.

              The US officials who visited the Libyan plants reported that the centrifuges similar to the Pak-1 centrifuges of Iran. By the time the evidence against Khan had surfaced, he had become a public icon in the country and was the Science adviser to the Government. His vigorous advocacy for atom bombs and missiles became an embarrassment to the Pakistan government.

              On 31 January 2004, Khan was suddenly dismissed from his post, and the government launched a full-fledged investigation on Khan to ostensibly “allow a fair investigation” of the allegations.

              On 4 February 2004, Khan appeared on state-owned media Pakistan Televisons (PTV) and confessed to running a proliferation ring, and admitted to transferring technology to Iran between 1989 and 1991, to North Korea and Libya between 1991 and 1997.

              Since the submission of the atomic bomb plans of Khan have passed more than 15 years and everything what Iran has been in operation of nuclear armament fits into the picture.

              To deny that Iran possesses plans to build nuclear bombs and that Iran conveys the intention to implement these plans would be really stupid.

              In contrast, your comment affects as a cartoon – saying nothing.
              Why did you answer?

              2.. Iran threatens Israel actively and underlines the thread with tens of thousands of iranian missiles stationed in Lebanon.
              Will you deny that, too?

              3.. IRGC has decided after the Iraq war that it will use nuclear deterrence with WMD`s after the chemical attacks of Saddam Hussein. Otherwise – Iran’s is a war party in 4 wars in the Middle East against superior numbers of Sunnis. It’s logical that Iran wants to compensate for these numerical inferior with atomic deterrent.

              4. Of course I’m happy that you’re okay. But it looks very strange that you are using this blog to sing. (lala -land)
              What exactly your doctor says to your strange behavior?

              • A lot of words going nowhere. Reading is a fine art i guess not enough developed with everyone.

                Intent is something different than actually being able to.

                All the experts (and again the Bibi roadrunner cartoons at the UN do not count as evidence) including UN, CIA, Mossad etc agree Iran is nowhere near a bomb.

                In Lala land maybe but here on earth they simply lack the resources and are not even in their dreams near a bomb.

              • Going nowhere – but saying intent is something different?
                Do you like contradictions? At least 15 years intent – but no atomic bomb?

                What do you think why an agreement will come into being?

                About because Iran can`t produce atomic bombs – they will have only intent?
                Don`t be ridiculous..If Iran couldn`t build nuclear bombs there wouldn`t be a framework neither.

              • Again reading is very very difficult for you. Intent and buildinb it eventually is different than getting is anytime soon. they may eventually be able to build one but even in theit most wet dreams thats over 10 years away acooriding to all the experts.

                Its nice that you have an opinion and i hope you do enjoy ur stay in lala land but here pn earth i think the UN, Mossad,CIA and so on are a little more credible.

              • By eliminating 12,000 centrifuges and five bombs’ worth of low-enriched uranium, the accord extends the breakout timeline for Iran to produce the highly enriched uranium core of a bomb to one year.

                http://belfercenter.hks.harvard.edu/publication/25194/iran_nuclear_deal_by_the_numbers.html?breadcrumb=%2Fpublication%2F17519%2Firans_nuclear_policy_and_the_iaea_an_evaluation_of_program_932

                If 5+1 are extending the breakout time for an A bomb by the framework to 1 year – what sense makes your number of 10 years? Not any

    • For years now people like you who live in LaLa land have been throwing dates like with a year within a few years and still Iran is nowhere near. I love it how even the mossad and CIA as well inspectors keep sayinh the opposite and people on bullshit mountain keep throwing these dates based on god knows what lool

  3. More fallout over the U.S fact sheet. Zarif criticizes Kerry for releasing it:
    http://time.com/3770412/iranians-react-nuclear-agreement/

    When the U.S. State Department issued its parameters for a [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action] it became clear there are fundamental differences between the two sides. Foreign Minister Zarif has already rejected the U.S. parameters, but if the Americans insist on their view then there will not be a comprehensive deal because the differences are too fundamental to be bridged.”

    Iranian journalists flying back with Zarif to Tehran reported that he accused the Americans of lying and that he has already sent a strong worded email to the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry protesting the fact sheet.

  4. @ Razmjoo

    You really needn’t get your panties all in a bunch about this. The Republicans will torpedo the deal no matter what, and your Supreme Leader can sit back and enjoy watching a train wreck he no longer has to cause himself.

    • That may well be the Machiavellian thinking in Tehran. What I object to is the propaganda and PR surrounding this deal. Fortunately, the media has now understood that no common text was agreed in Lausanne and that fundamental differences still exist.

    • What exactly is it that you think Republicans will or can do, Cat? Be specific. I’d be more concerned about the neocons in Iran if I were you. Reza is right to be panicky and desperate.

  5. Former Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr: This Is ‘A One-Sided Agreement’ Against Iran
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/03/bani-sadr-iran-nuclear-deal_n_7001336.html?ncid=txtlnkusaolp00000592
    “Why did Ayatollah Khamenei not take that course? The reason is that, unlike his predecessor Khomeini, Khamenei lacks charisma and courage. And he did not dare do this because it would then be clear for all to see that Iran’s economic development will pay for a long time ahead for his catastrophic nuclear policies, which already have cost hundreds of billions of dollars.”

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