Iran Developing: Implementation of Nuclear Deal, 5 Americans Freed in Prisoner Swap

PHOTO: US Secretary of State John Kerry and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif


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UPDATE 2040 GMT: The International Atomic Energy Agency has released its statement confirming Iran’s compliance with the terms of the July 2015 nuclear deal.

IAEA head Yukiya Amano also said that Iran will accede to the Additional Protocol of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, providing for a firmer regime of supervision and inspection of its facilities.


UPDATE 1900 GMT: President Rouhani has postponed a speech, scheduled for tonight, about the implementation of the nuclear deal.

Earlier, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif had indicated that the announcement of Implementation Day would be delayed:


UPDATE 1850 GMT: The fifth American released by Iran is Matthew Trevithick, a staff meember with universities and NGOs who was recently detained.

Trevithick is the Director of Research at the Syria Research and Evaluation Organization in Gaziantep, Turkey. He was the Director of Communications at the American University of Afghanistan from 2010 to 2014, and earlier worked at the American University of Iraq.

Trevithick’s detention had not been revealed before today.


UPDATE 1750 GMT: The Huffington Post has confirmed the unsurprising news that the negotiations for the prisoner swap were linked to the nuclear talks.

The site says that it learned from a State Department official in September of the connected discussions, including Secretary of State John Kerry and lead nuclear negotiator Wendy Sherman.

The Post also claims that one of the four Americans being discussed was Robert Levinson, the former FBI agent who disappeared on Iran’s Kish Island in March 2007. He has not been seen since a hostage video in November 2010.


UPDATE 1640 GMT: A US official has said that a fifth American, “unrelated to the prisoner swap”, will be released by Iran.


UPDATE 1530 GMT: Iranian State media is reporting that four Iranian-American detainees were swapped for seven Iranians imprisoned in the US.

Three of the Americans, journalist Jason Rezaian (see below), Pastor Saeed Abedini, and former Marine Amir Hekmati.

There are disputed accounts over the fourth American. Press TV says it is businessman Siamak Namazi, but Revolutionary Guards outlet Fars News denies this, saying Namazi remains in prison because his crimes are “financial” and not political. IRNA initially named Namazi but has now apologized.

Fars says that the fourth American is Nosratollah Khosravi — the first time that name has been mentioned. Other Iranian observers believe he may actually be Lebanese-American businessman Nazar Zaka, detained in early November.

Hekmati was seized in August 2011 during a visit to his grandmother and other relatives. He “confessed” to espionage on State TV in December and was sentenced to death and was sentenced to death weeks later.

The Supreme Court overturned the death sentence in March and ordered a retrial because the verdict was “not complete”. A closed-doors court finally completed a retrial in April 2014 and handed down a 10-year sentence for “practical collaboration with the US Government”.

Namazi, an executive with an oil company, was seized in early October after he returned to Iran to visit family.

Namazi was the long-time associate of Trita Parsi, the head of the influential National Iranian American Council. He also published work for the Woodrow Wilson Center, including reports criticizing the effects of US sanctions on Iran; the Center for Strategic and International Studie; and the National Endowment for Democracy.

Zaka

One of the seven freed Iranians, Nima Golestaneh, was indicted in July 2015 on charges of hacking into the computer system of a Vermont aerodynamics company to steal millions of dollars worth of software.

Others were accused of fraud and sanctions violations.


UPDATE 1500 GMT: Concurrent with the announcement of Implementation Day for the July 2015 nuclear deal, Iran has freed four dual-national detainees, including Iranian-Americans Jason Rezaian and Saeed Abedini.

Tehran Prosecutor General Abbas Jafari Doulatabadi announced the prisoner releases, with Fars News Agency revealing the names of Rezaian and Abedini.

Jason Rezaian, the Washington Post’s correspondent in Tehran since 2012, was seized in a July 2014 raid. He was held for months without access to a lawyer or family or information about his charges. Hearings were finally held in spring 2015, and the Iranian judiciary later said he had been convicted of espionage without giving any details of a sentence.

Saeed Abedini, a Christian pastor, was detained in summer 2012. In January 2013, he was sentenced to eight years in prison for private religious gatherings.


ORIGINAL ENTRY: “Implementation Day” for the July 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and the 5+1 Powers will be declared on Saturday, paving the way for the removal of US and European sanctions that have crippled the Iranian economy.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and the European Union’s foreign policy head Federica Mogherini will make the announcement in Vienna. Zarif will also meet US Secretary of State John Kerry and other American and European officials.

Zarif said on arrival in Vienna, “All the oppressive sanctions that have been imposed over the nuclear issue against the Islamic Republic will God willing be annulled today.”

He continued:

This is a very good day for the Iranian people. But, besides, we believe that this is a very good day for the region; our region will be relieved of the shadow of an unnecessary conflict that could have caused worry for this region.

“This is also a good day for the world. Today is a day when we prove to the world that threats, sanctions, intimidation, pressure don’t work; respect works.

Today’s ceremony follows verification by the International Atomic Energy Agency of Iran’s compliance with the terms of the agreement with the 5+1 Powers (US, Britain, France, Germany, China, and Russia). Reached after more than a decade of tension, the deal set out the plan for Iran to ship out almost all its enriched uranium and to reduce its uranium centrifuges from about 19,000 to just over 6,000. Tehran has also removed the core of its Arak heavy-water nuclear reactor to ensure it cannot produce plutonium which may be used in a militarized nuclear program.

The US and European Union will begin lifting of restrictions that have cut Iran’s oil exports by more than 40%, suspended financial transactions, and limited foreign investment. The European measures — including July 2012 bans on insurances for tankers carrying Iranian oil — should soon be removed; however, the American process, which also affects companies in other countries, will take months because of the complexity of US legislation.

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Scott Lucas is Professor of International Politics at the University of Birmingham and editor-in-chief of EA WorldView. He is a specialist in US and British foreign policy and international relations, especially the Middle East and Iran. Formerly he worked as a journalist in the US, writing for newspapers including the Guardian and The Independent and was an essayist for The New Statesman before he founded EA WorldView in November 2008.

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