Syria, August 28: UN Inspectors Visit East Ghouta

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LATEST: US State Department: “We Cannot Be Held Up by UN”

* British Government Pulls Back from Immediate Military Action?
* Obama Administration hints at attack while inspectors still in Syria
* UN Inspectors visit chemical weapons attack sites in East Ghouta
* Reports of Assad’s forces evacuating military, security personnel from Damascus


US State Department: “We Cannot Be Held Up by UN”

Another extract from tonight’s State Department briefing, by Marie Harf, pointing to US action outside the UN and any Security Council meeting:

We cannot be held up in responding by Russia’s continued intransigence at the United Nations, and quite frankly the situation is so serious that it demands a response.

Syria cannot hide behind Russian intransigence at the Security Council. It is unacceptable.

British Government Pulls Back from Immediate Military Action?

It appears that the British Government has put language into the motion for Thursday’s Parliamentary debate that backs away from immediate military action, moving towards Russia’s demand that the Council not pre-judge any findings from the UN inspectors in Syria:

The United Nations Security Council must have the opportunity immediately to consider that briefing and that every effort should be made to secure a Security Council Resolution backing military action before any such action is taken.

Read the full text of the Government motion

Obama Administration Hints At Attack While Inspectors Still in Syria

Josh Rogin of The Daily Beast puts out a message which indicates that Washington may launch airstrikes even if UN inspectors have not left Syria. He cites the State Department’s liaison with Syrian groups and the head of the Syrian Military Command, Salem Idriss:

Meanwhile, the State Department, through spokesperson Marie Harf, appears to be already dismissing any significance for the UN Security Council meeting:

Video: UN Inspectors Visit Hospital in Zamalka, Talk to Victims of Chemical Attack

Syrian PM: Israel Created Al Qaeda, Syrians Are Living Normal Lives, Chemical Weapons Are A Lie

Syrian Prime Minister Wael Al-Halqi on Wednesday offered an alternative explanation for the Syrian conflict, the current crisis over last week’s chemical weapons attacks and international Jihadism.

Halqi made the surprising accusation that it was the US and Israel who had “created terrorism and Al Qaeda”. The Syrian Premier added: “US, Western and Israeli use of lies and false pretenses like the use of chemical weapons to carry out military intervention in Syria came about because of the Syrians’ steadfastness and the victories of the Syrian Army over terrorism.”

Halqi added that Islamist insurgent faction Jabhat al-Nusra was a “pawn of Washington and Israel used for carrying out their plots”. One of those schemes, Halqi explained, is to “keep the Arab people occupied with internal conflicts.”

Halqi dismissed the current threat of U.S. strikes against the Assad regime as “colonialist” and added that all was well in the country. “The Syrian people are going about their normal lives,”he concluded.

UN Inspectors Take Ammunition Samples In East Ghouta

More footage of Wednesday’s visit by UN inspectors to towns in East Ghouta, the site of last week’s chemical weapons attacks.

In Damascus, Civilians Prepare For Strikes

Damascenes are hoarding supplies while others are trying to leave the capital ahead of possible Western military strikes.

While Reuters do not refer to a specific Damascus neighborhood, the story mentions to pro-Assad and more affluent areas of the center of the capital.

Reuters report:

In a city where dozens of military sites are mixed in among the civilian population, many worry Damascus could become an especially dangerous place should a Western-led strike come in response to the apparent use of chemical weapons last week that killed hundreds in the suburbs.

At grocery stores, shoppers loaded up on bread, dried goods and canned foods, fearing they may face shortages if a strike hits the city. The items most in demand were batteries and water.

Assad Appears To Be Evacuating Army, Security Personnel From Damascus

Reuters is citing residents and opposition sources in Damascus as saying that the regime appears to have evacuated most personnel from army and security command headquarters in the center of the capital, including the General Staff Command Building on Umayyad Square, the nearby air force command and the security compounds in the Western Kfar Souseh districts.

One source told Reuters that units stationed near Damascus have confiscated several trailer trucks, apparently to transport heavy weaponry to alternative locations. However, Reuters say that no significant movement of military hardware has been reported, possibly due to heavy fighting near major highways.

As UN Inspectors Visit East Ghouta, State Media Talk Of Gains In The Area

As UN chemical weapons inspectors visited East Ghouta on Wednesday, Syrian State media published reports of regime gains in ongoing military offensives in the area.

SANA reports that “Army units made big advance in hunting terrorists in Sbeineh” and that regime forces had destroyed “weapons and ammunition… to the east of Tishreen Hospital in Barzeh”

The regime also claims gains in Jobar, where SANA reports Assad’s forces “killed all members of an armed terrorist group to the south of Electricity Company in Jobar”.

SANA also reported that regime forces had clashed with insurgents in Zamalka and Irbeen — sites of last Wednesday’s chemical weapons attacks.

UN Inspectors Take Samples From Chemical Weapons Victims In East Ghouta

UN Secretary-General Ban: Inspectors Need Until Sunday

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon has said that UN inspectors need four days in Syria to conclude their investigation and analyze findings — an indication that there will be no US-led military action before Sunday.

Meanwhile, with the Security Council due to meet this evening to consider a British resolution, Russia said that it was premature to aniticipate any reaction by the Council before the inspectors released their findings.

“Discussing some sort of reaction by the Security Council before UN inspectors working in Syria publish their report is at the very least untimely,” First Deputy foreign minister Vladimir Titov said.

UN inspectors need 4 days in Syria to conclude their investigation, time to analyze findings, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon say

U.S. Says Any Strikes On Syria Won’t Be Unilateral

AFP cite a “senior U.S. administration official” as saying that Washington has ruled out unilateral military action against Syria, but would include “international partners”.

“Any military action would not be unilateral. It would include international partners…The options are not limited just to one day,” AFP quote the official as saying.

Brahimi: “Chemical Agent Used In Syria, Hundreds Were Killed, Maybe More Than 1,000”

The UN-Arab League special envoy for Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, told reporters in Geneva on Wednesday that a chemical substance had been used in the attacks in the Damascus suburbs on August 21.

AFP quoted Brahimi as saying that: “it does seem some kind of substance was used that killed a lot of people. Hundreds. Definitely more than 100, some people say 300, some people say 600, maybe 1,000, maybe more than 1,000 people.”

Video: UN Inspectors In Zamalka, East Ghouta, Accompanied By FSA

Claimed footage from Wednesday showing the UN inspection team in Zamalka, East Ghouta, accompanied by FSA insurgents. Zamalka is one of the East Ghouta sites targeted by chemical weapons a week ago.

Does the visit to East Ghouta — which come amid a temporary cessation of regime attacks on the area — signal that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is buying time ahead of likely US strikes? The regime has been waging a ferocious offensive against East Ghouta and the UN inspection team’s visit to the area comes after Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Al Moallem said Tuesday that the regime would not stop its strikes against East Ghouta.

UK To Put Resolution To UN Security Council “Authorizing Necessary Measures To Protect Civilians”

The UK on Wednesday has said that it will put a resolution to the UN Security Council to “authorize necessary measures to protect civilians”.

British Prime Minister David Cameron announced the move on Twitter:

Videos: Reports Of UN Inspectors in East Ghouta

There are reports and amateur video claiming that the UN inspectors have visited Al Mleha in East Ghouta as part of their investigation into last week’s chemical weapons attacks. The UN Spokesperson has remained silent on any visit, however, but did tweet that the UN Secretary General had met the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons regarding the UN chemical weapons inspectors.

Another video shows the UN inspection team’s convoy passing through the town of Irbeen, en route to Zamalka.

Amateur video claiming to show the UN inspectors en route to East Ghouta:

Claimed footage of the inspectors arriving in Al Mleha:

Britain Prepares For Action With Second Cameron-Obama Phone Call

British Prime Minister David Cameron has spoken for the second time with US President Barack Obama as strikes on Syria loom.

The BBC report that Cameron “heard the “latest on US thinking” on the issue.

The UK’s National Security Council will meet at noon on Wednesday ahead of a parliamentary vote on Thursday.

The BBC cite a Downing Street spokesman as saying:

“Ahead of today’s NSC, it was an opportunity for the PM to hear the latest US thinking on the issue and to set out the options being considered by the government.

“Both leaders agreed that all the information available confirmed a chemical weapons attack had taken place, noting that even the Iranian President and Syrian regime had conceded this.

“And they both agreed they were in no doubt that the Assad regime was responsible.

“Regime forces were carrying out a military operation to regain that area from the opposition at the time; and there is no evidence that the opposition has the capability to deliver such a chemical weapons attack.

Lavrov Urges Kerry To Wait For Results Of UN Investigation

In a telephone call on Tuesday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov urged U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry to await the results of the UN investigation into last Wednesdays chemical weapons attacks on the Damascus suburbs. Lavrov said that a chance must be given for a political solution to the Syrian crisis.

Russia Evacuates Civilians From Syria

Russia’s Emergency Situations Ministry on Wednesday evacuated a second group of citizens from Syria, amid looming U.S. strikes against Assad. The group consisted of 27 citizens, mostly women and children, from Latakia. Earlier, a first group of 89 citizens, 75 of whom were Russians, were evacuated.

Moscow has said that it has not yet evacuated its diplomatic personnel.

Video: Regime Targets Qaboun, Damascus From Mount Qasioun

The regime continues to shell the Al Qaboun neighborhood of Damascus from Mount Qasioun.

Video: Activists Report Assad Has Used Organophospates In New Attack On Jobar, Damascus

Activists and citizen journalists on Wednesday report that the regime has used low-potency toxic organophosphates in a mortar attack on Jobar, Damascus. The attack caused affected civilians to present with mild symptoms of asphyxiation.

Activist group the Syrian Support Group said that nine people were injured:

Airstrikes On Insurgent-Captured Ariha, Idlib Province

The regime continues its airstrikes against Ariha in Idlib Province, which insurgents captured several days ago. This footage, posted Wednesday, shows a strike on Tuesday:

Casualties

The Local Coordination Committees claim 79 people were killed on Tuesday, including 25 in Aleppo Province, 22 in Damascus and its suburbs, and 15 in Homs Province.

The Violations Documentation Center put the number of dead at 71,465 since the conflict began in March 2011, an increase of 155 from Tuesday. Of the dead, 53,981 are civilians, a rise of 110 from yesterday.

Summary

The conclusion of “not if, but when” with US-led airstrikes inside Syria was reinforced on Tuesday.

While White House spokesman Jay Carney put out the holding statement, “A decision has not been made,” Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel said U.S. forces were ready to attack if President Obama gave the word, and Vice President Joe Biden declared that there was “no doubt” over a regime chemical weapons attack last Wednesday near Damascus.

British, French, and Italian leaders all offered messages of support.

But when will the airstrikes begin? One important clue will be the departure of United Nations inspectors from Syria.

After days of pressure on the Assad regime, the inspectors were allowed on Monday to visit a single site in West Ghouta, but only for a limited time. They were then blocked from visiting another six sites in East Ghouta, where the most attacks and deaths occurred.

On Tuesday, the Assad regime’s resistance appeared to continue, as the UN announced that inspections of the second site been postponed for 24 hours. The prospect rose that, instead of persisting, the inspectors would now depart — their safety in Damascus might not be assured in the event of any US-led airstrikes.

But have they already gone? The notice of postponed inspections was the only message issued by the UN all day. The possibility is that, with an attack imminent, the inspectors were quietly spirited out of Syria.

If so, the US-led airstrikes may begin this evening.

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12 COMMENTS

  1. The proof that the Syrian regime was responsible for the CW attack:

    1. Only the regime has the CW’s
    2. Only the regime has the systems to deliver the CW’s
    3. Only the regime has the ability to launch such a widespread attack. The CW’s were launched in a sort time span against many different locations in the Eastern Ghouta and then after a few hours against the Western Ghouta (Muadamiyya)
    4. They were attacking the area at the time and immediately after the CW’s attacks launched a even more furious barrage of weapons that residents reported they had never experienced before
    5. The attacks were on rebel territory that the regime has been trying unsuccessfully to regain for many months
    6. If the rebels somehow had a) the CW’s, b) the systems to deliver them, c) the ability to launch such a widespread attack then they would do so against regime locations (why not try and kill Bashar himself?) rather than kill their own family and friends. There has been no recorded incident of the rebels ever killing even one of their own as a false flag operation, let alone hundreds of people.

    It is deceitful and morally disgusting that countries like Russia demand further “proof” than this when they have been supporting Syria and blocking the UN from ever investigating culpability in the CW’s attacks in Syria (past and present), instead limiting the UN mission to just ascertaining whether there was actual CW’s usage or not (as if there is any doubt about this, given the hundreds of videos and thousands of eye-witness testimonies)

    As for motivation for the attacks, given that it would be patently stupid to launch attacks given the presence of the UN investigators in Damascus at the time:

    1. It may have been the work of a military commanders without consultation with the political leadership (Maher al-Asad isn’t known for his temper controlling abilities)
    2. It may have been centrally authorized but they may have underestimated the amount of people the attacks would kill (they have effectively been given the green light to carry out CW attacks providing that the casualty figures are low enough)
    3. They may have overplayed their hand, thinking that Russia had their backs covered (and Russia did immediately jump in with blatant propaganda about this being a rebel operation and then stopped the Security Council from doing anything other than release a limp statement of concern) and that Obama wouldn’t do anything given his previous inaction.
    4. The regime has good reason to attack the Ghouta area given their frustration at being unable to regain the territory despite their attempts of previous months. The regime probably also was sending a message to the rebels for their provocative attack on Lattakia over the previous weeks.
    5. The presence of the UN investigators isn’t of much importance given the lack of mandate to assign culpability. All they can do is ascertain whether CW’s were actually used, but this is not in any doubt, having been universally been agreed upon by, even by the Syrian regime itself.

  2. How Assad United the Middle East … Against Him
    http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/08/27/how_assad_united_the_middle_east_against_him

    “The administration’s case for military action against Assad is being bolstered by help from Israel, which provided intelligence that was reportedly vital to the United States in its quick determination that the Syrian regime launched the chemical weapons attack in the eastern Damascus suburbs. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been equally adamant that this attack cannot go unanswered: He said that the use of chemical weapons “must not continue,” and linked the struggle against the Assad regime with Israel’s long-running cold war against Iran. “Assad’s regime has become a full Iranian client and Syria has become Iran’s testing ground,” he said.”

    • [edited by moderator]

      Pak, if you are insinuating that the Jews are behind this gas attack, then say it clear and loud.

      • I am stepping in to end this thread. The EA comments board is not the place for this kind of argument. Please take it elsewhere.

        Thank you.

  3. Rami al-Lolah @RamiAlLolah 5s
    HUUUUGE! #UPDATE #BreakingNews #UN calls the #CW investigation team to leave #Syria immediately! Cc @lrozen

  4. The lead item in my Syria roundup today includes some stuff covered here though with a more satirical touch and one or two observations. There are also three must read quotes I think folks here will enjoy. It will take awhile to appear and will be followed by updates later this afternoon, well after EA usually finishes uptaking. Thus, the two roundups complement one another.

    Link to latest roundup:

    http://iranian.com/posts/view/post/19854

    Prior to posting the above I did add one update, featuring six new items, to yesterday’s roundup. You’ll find that and earlier ones here:

    http://iranian.com/FG3049

    • I just wrote the following as an add-on to the above roundup. Unable to post updates there yet, I offer it here because I’ll be away for several hours.

      ANALYSIS: The regime may now have no choice but to leave Damascus since staying may be even more risky

      It is now self-evident that the regime can never again regain the security it once enjoyed in Damascus. Staying may involve even greater risks than leaving.

      #1: Whatever Obama intends, forces now arriving in the area will not going home immediately afterwars and will continue to grow.

      #2: In two roundups prior to the chemical attack, I described why the risks of encirclement and why doing so would be much easier for the rebels than a frontal assault. (See link below and don’t forget key subposts).

      The regime’s current problems in moving heavy equipment demonstrate only a small sample of the difficulties the regime would face in that event. If generals had dismissed the danger previously, they won’t do so now. If anything, rebel capabilities for shutting off access to Damascus are likely to increase greatly down the road as other areas fall.
      http://iranian.com/FG3049

      #3: See the above reasons, many of the recently evacuated may not return. That absence, combined with the upcoming bombing, the enemy forces in place afterwards, and signs of growing encirclement and any trace of growing encirclement adds to the smell of defeat and will have effects within the regime’s ranks.

      Abandoning Damascus now would save most but not all of regime resources presently located there. The regime would no longer have to defend its large perimeter nor the highways to the north and south. Its chance of taking Homs and driving the rebels out of Hama would greatly increase.

      DOWNSIDES

      As an “admission” of how the war has been going, the move would lower moral. Some resources and supporting population would be left behind.

      Balancing out the regime’s improvements in defense perimeters would be the greatly increased offensive manpower the rebels would be able to employ.

      Finally, it’s not clear that the new enclave would b military or economically viable but Assad would face that problem in any case.

  5. The claim that Israel created Al Qaeda is just so ridiculous that I wonder how anyone could believe such nonsense. While Israel did in a limited way help with the creation of Hamas, that was a very long time ago and I think they have definitely learnt their lesson on that one.

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